What Causes Dark Spots on Your Face and How to Reduce Them

Dark spots are small areas of discolouration on your skin, appearing in varying sizes and shades depending on how they form. For example, sun spots are usually larger than freckles and appear scattered across the skin. Spots caused by wounds or blemishes come in various shades and sizes and fade with time. While these spots don’t pose a risk to your health, they are certainly unattractive.

How do dark spots form

The sun spots you’re seeing now may actually be the result of damage in your teenage years.

Too much of a good thing can be bad – like melanin, the pigment that gives your skin its colour and protects you from the harmful effects of UV rays. When your skin overproduces melanin in response to sun exposure, hormonal changes, or any type of minor skin trauma like acne and blemishes, this results in the formation of hyperpigmentation on your face. It can take a decade or two for sun spots to show up, so the ones you’re seeing now may actually be the result of damage in your teenage years.